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Korea: The Long Road To Peace Part 2 of 2

Reel Number: 221125-02

Color: Black and White

Sound: SD

Year / Date: 1950-1953

Country: Japan,Korea,North Korea,South Korea,USA

Location: Changjin Reservoir,DC,He San Jin,Panmunjom,Seoul,Tokyo,Washington,Yalu River

TC Begins: 21:11:38

TC Ends: 21:24:25

Duration: 00:12:47

Korea: The Long Road To Peace Part 2 of 2 March of Time Forum Films Frozen Yalu River between North Korea & Manchuria - 7th Div. GIs at outdoor service in town of He San Jin. Map showing Chinese attack from north, 26Nov50. UN forces in retreat. 1st Div. Marines battle to break out of encirclement at Changjin Reservoir. 21:12:35 Voorhees interviews Private Hector Caporata, awarded Medal of Honor for helping to hold gap in line & “killing fifteen Chinese Reds” - Voorhees refers to him as “Hec” - jokey conversation about missing home & having beards. Marines fighting towards sea - snowy mountains - Communist prisoners taken, CU frozen feet - aerial bombardment. 21:15:30 US fleet at Hongnam - good high shot - troops coming aboard - port blown up as battleships retreat. 26Dec50 Lt Gen Matthew Ridgeway after replacing MacArthur as Commander of US Ground Forces. New offensive launched Feb51 - US troops advance through woodland. Tanks & troops reach outskirts of Seoul 14Mar - sign on pole ‘Seoul Off Limits’. Street fighting in ruins of central Seoul - heavy gun fired outside government building - closer shot domed roof in scaffolding w/ South Korean flag flying. 21:17:50 Hanada Airport, Tokyo - MacArthur greets Army Chief of Staff Gen. Collins - VO “the Supreme Commander in the Far East, Washington felt, was perhaps a little too supreme” - CU newspaper headlines ‘Mac. Spoke on Own, State Dept. Explains’ - ‘Truman Fires M’Arthur’. 21:17:32 Truman statement extract re dismissal of MacArthur - “the cause of world peace is much more important than any individual”. MacArthur speech to Congress on return to US - “I am closing my 52 years of military service. The world has turned over many times since I took the Oath on the plain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished...old soldiers never die, they just fade away...I now close my military career and just fade away” - some applause heard. 21:19:04 Air to air US F-86 Sabre jets ? fighting MiGs. Soviet delegate Malek statement at Lake Success Jun51 “The Soviet people believe that as a first step discussions should be started between the belligerents for a cease fire and an armistice providing for the neutral withdrawal of forces from the 38th Parallel”. 21:19:55 Truce negotiations at Kaesong - arrivals inc. North Korean General Na-Mil ?, US Admiral Joy - INT conference room. 04Aug51 - Chinese Communist troops march through neutral zone violating agreement. Sep51 - 1st airborne operation by helicopter in military history - Marines dropped on enemy-held mountain. Aerial Panmunjom; arrivals for new peace talks inc. Joy - photographers inside tent - documents signed. Sign ‘Headquarters United Nations Prisoner of War Camp No 1 Koje-Do Korea’ - POWs in camp. 21:21:32 Battle scenes. Sign ‘We welcome Ike’; Eisenhower visits front Dec52 - Gen. Clark. Tanks firing on ridges. Postwar scenes in South Korea - kids. Dulles speech “Communism pitted its youth against what it thought was our decrepitude...” Korean War. USAF. Anti-Communism.

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