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Reel Number: 250303-01A
Year / Date: 1971,1970s
Location: DC,Washington,White HOuse Oval Office
TC Begins: 00:01:26
TC Ends: 00:12:09
1971 USA - Color, President Richard Nixon: New Economic Policy Speech To Nation. Pt. 1 of 2 Nixon seated at desk holding speech: “Good evening, I have addressed the Nation a number of times over the past 2 years on the problems of ending a war. Because of the progress we have made toward achieving that goal, this Sunday evening is an appropriate time for us to turn our attention to the challenges of peace. America today has the best opportunity in this century to achieve two of its greatest ideals: to bring about a full generation of peace & to create a new prosperity without war. 00:02:04 This not only requires bold leadership ready to take bold action, t calls for the greatness in a great people. Prosperity without war requires action on three fronts. We must create more & better jobs; we must stop the rise in the cost of living; we must protect the dollar from the attacks of international money speculators. We are going to take that action: not timidly, not half-heartedly, and not in piecemeal fashion. We are going to move forward to the new prosperity without war as befits a great people - all together, and along a broad front. 00:02:47 The time has come for a new economic policy for the United States. Its targets are unemployment, inflation, & international speculation. And this is how we are going to attack those targets. First, on the subject of jobs. We all know why we have an unemployment problem. 2 million workers have been released from the Armed Forces & defense plants because of our success in winding down the war in Vietnam. Putting those people back to work is one of the challenges of peace and we have begun to make progress. Our unemployment rate today is below the average of the 4 peacetime years of the 1960's. But we can & we must do better than that. The time has come for American industry which has produced more jobs at higher real wages than any other industrial system in history to embark on a bold program of new investment in production for peace. To give that system a powerful new stimulus, I shall ask the Congress, when it reconvenes after its summer recess, to consider as its first priority the enactment of the Job Development Act of 1971. 00:04:03 I will propose to provide the strongest short term incentive in our history to invest in new machinery & equipment that will create new jobs for Americans: a 10 percent Job Development Credit for 1 year, effective as of today, with a 5 percent credit after August 15, 1972. This tax credit for investment in new equipment will not only generate new jobs; it will raise productivity; it will make our goods more competitive in the years ahead. Second, I will propose to repeal the 7 percent excise tax on automobiles, effective today. This will mean a reduction in price of about $200 per car. I shall insist that the American auto industry pass this tax reduction on to the nearly 8 million customers who are buying automobiles this year. Lower prices will mean that more people will be able to afford new cars, and every additional 100,000 cars sold means 25,000 new jobs. Third, I propose to speed up the personal income tax exemptions scheduled for January 1, 1973, to January 1, 1972 so that taxpayers can deduct an extra $50 for each exemption 1 year earlier than planned. This increase in consumer spending power will provide a strong boost to the economy in general & to employment in particular. The tax reductions I am recommending, together w/ this broad upturn of the economy which has taken place in the first half of this year, will move us strongly forward toward a goal this Nation has not reached since 1956, 15 years ago: prosperity with full employment in peacetime. 00:06:00 Continued, see 30303-01B. Post-Vietnam Economics; Unemployment; 1970s; Federal Government Business Tax Cuts; Presidential Speech; Oval Office; Economy; Tax Removal;
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