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Post-WWII - 1945, Germany: Nuremberg War Crime Trial, Major Walsh Documenting Jewish Extermination of 25-26Jun41; Use of Portable Vans For Gassing; 1943 Dental Gold Recovered

Reel Number: 220560-12

Color: Black and White

Sound: SD

Year / Date: 1945,1940s

Country: Belarus,Germany,Latvia,Lithuania,USA,USSR

Location: Kovno,Minsk,Nuremberg,Riga

TC Begins: 05:09:21

TC Ends: 05:17:21

Duration: 00:08:00

Post-WWII - 1945, Germany: Nuremberg War Crime Trial, Major Walsh Documenting Jewish Extermination of 25-26Jun41; Use of Portable Vans For Gassing; 1943 Dental Gold Recovered Paris 0443. Court in session w/ Major Walsh at lectern: “Exhibit 276. This is a report by SS Brigadefuehrer Stahlecker to Himmler, dated 15 October 1941, entitled ‘Action Group A’ found in Himmler's private files. He reported that 135,567 persons, nearly all Jews, were murdered in accordance to basic orders directing the complete annihilation of the Jews. This voluminous document provides me w/ the following statement by the SS Brigade Fuehrer, and on translation at the bottom of Page 6, the second sentence of the last paragraph, I read: ‘To our surprise it was not easy, at first, to set in motion an extensive pogrom against Jews. Klimatis, the leader of the partisan unit. mentioned above, who was used for this purpose primarily, succeeded in starting a pogrom on the basis of advice given to him by a small advanced detachment acting in Kovno; & in such a way that no German order or German instigation was noticed from the outside. During the first pogrom in the night from 25 to 26 June the Lithuanian partisans did away with more than 1,500 Jews, setting fire to several synagogues or destroying them by other means & burned down a Jewish dwelling district consisting of about 60 houses. During the following nights about 2,300 Jews were made harmless in a similar way.’ And from the last part of Paragraph 3 on page 7, I read: ‘It was possible, though, through similar influences on the Latvian auxiliary to set in motion a pogrom against the Jews also in Riga. During this pogrom all synagogues were destroyed & about 400 Jews were killed." 05:12:55 MS of defendant listening. VO: “USA exhibit 288. I quote: ‘The overhauling of vans by group D & C is finished. While the vans in the first series can also be put into action if the weather is not too bad, the vans of the second series, Saurer, stop completely in rainy weather. If it has rained for instance for only one-half hour, the vans cannot be used because it simply skids away. It can only be used in absolutely dry weather. It is only a question now whether the van can only be used standing at the place of execution. (edit) 05:14:11 Walsh reading from 31May43 letter from Minsk prison warden: “Action Against Jews": ‘On 13 April 1943 the former German dentist Ernst Israel Tichauer & his wife, Elisa Sara Tichauer, nee Rosenthal, were committed to the court prison by the Security Service. Since that time all German & Russian Jews who were turned over to us had their gold bridgework, crowns & fillings pulled or broken out. This happens always 1 to 2 hours before the respective action. Since 13 April 1943, 516 German & Russian Jews have been finished off. On the basis of a definite investigation gold was taken only in two actions on 14 April 1943, from 172 & on 27 April 1943 from 164 Jews. About 50 percent of the Jews had gold teeth, bridgework, or fillings. Hauptscharfuehrer Ruebe of the Security Service was always personally present & he took the gold along too. Before 13 April 1943 this was not done. Signed, Gunther, Prison Warden’." 05:16:07 “This letter was forwarded to the Defendant Rosenberg as Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories on 1 June 1943. I will read the covering letter, part of Document R-135. Page 4. ‘To the Reich Minister of the Occupied Eastern Territories, Berlin, through the Reich Commissioner for the Ostland, Riga. Subject, Actions against Jews in the Prison of Minsk. The enclosed official report from the warden of the prison in Minsk is submitted to the Reich Minister & the Reich Commissar for Information." Signed, the General Commissar in Minsk." President of Tribunal asks question off-camera. Post-WW2; Holocaust Charges; Crimes Against Humanity; 1940s; Evidence Presentation; Deaths; NOTE: Partial or entire sold at per reel rate. Good sound.

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